What is IVF?
In Vitro Fertilization( IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) for the external fertilization of eggs and sperm. In the process, a woman’s ovulatory process is monitored and stimulated, then the ovum or the egg cell is retracted and fertilized with sperms in labs under special conditions. The process intends to help parents fall pregnant who cannot conceive naturally due to infertility.
How Is The IVF Process Carried Out?
At SaiShree IVF, we have a team of experienced doctors and the latest technology to offer the best IVF treatment in Pune so that you enjoy parenthood. The steps for the guided IVF cycle involves:
1. Preliminary Consultation:
You consult with our doctor regarding your case of infertility issues. The doctor will ask a few questions about both of your medical histories, and appropriate diagnostic tests are performed. The doctor may advise for a few different tests for clarity. After processing the information from the tests, the doctor suggests the most appropriate treatment. The consultation initiates IVF treatment. On suggesting the IVF treatment, our doctors will explain the treatment in detail and prepare you mentally for further steps.
2. Testing and Ovary stimulation
After tests are done, the IVF process proceeds in the first step with the stimulation of ovaries that starts on the first day of the ovulation process. The female partner is prescribed certain medicines in the 8-14 days of the menstruation cycle to encourage the ovaries’ follicle ( glands that secrete, protect and produce eggs) to produce eggs.
Typically two types of stimulation hormones are given, namely Lueitenizing hormone or Follicle-stimulating hormone. For giving the trigger injection at the right time, your bodily changes will be tracked towards the end of the stimulation process. The stimulation process helps in producing more eggs for retrieval.
3. Egg Retrieval Process:
This process takes 30-40 minutes. The eggs are retrieved under anesthesia to reduce any discomfort caused. A specially designed needle equipment guided by ultrasound technology is inserted into the uterus to remove the eggs from your ovaries carefully. At a time, 8-15 eggs are retrieved in the process.
4. Sperm Retrieval Process:
The male partner’s sperm is also retrieved on the same day for the sake of using fresh sperms in fertilization. Alternatively, frozen sperms can also be used as per the couple’s conditions and needs. In case frozen sperms are to be used, they are kept prepared in the lab for fertilization. Good quality sperms are selected based on certain parameters.
5. Fertilization Process:
This is a crucial stage during the IVF process. Experts use a powerful microscope to segregate eggs from the fluid in which eggs are conserved and also collect a set of healthy sperm samples. One or more eggs and a set of sperm samples are placed together in a lab dish under microscopic observation and are left to fertilize in a controlled environment.
6. Development of Embryo:
The fertilization process results in the zygote’s formation, which further develops into an embryo. Once developed, the embryo is placed in an incubator where external conditions are maintained and monitored. The embryo cell/s develop in a period of 5-6 days.
7. Embryo Transfer:
This is a simple process that can be done with or without anesthesia, depending on the patient’s preferences and condition. The embryo is put in a catheter (a small tube) and inserted into the cervix of the uterus. This process has to be done with extreme precision, and hence, performed by experts only.
The embryo in the blastocyst stage is implanted in the uterus. It is called blastocyst culture, in which good quality embryos (carefully examined and selected by embryologist) that have survived more than six days on average is implanted in the uterus. The biggest advantage of this procedure is that it significantly reduces the chances of multiple pregnancies.
8. Final Pregnancy Test:
It is the last step of the process that confirms pregnancy. Two weeks after implanting the embryo, a blood test is done to measure HCG hormone in the blood, responsible for ensuring pregnancy.
Our experts deliver each step with extreme precision and precaution, using the latest technologies to offer the best IVF treatment in Pune.
FAQs about IVF Treatment
When is IVF needed?
Doctors recommend IVF treatment to address problems in conception due to infertility or genital problems. During the treatment, the doctor prescribes certain medications to boost egg production in ovaries, which can be retrieved in the later IVF process. IVF treatment can also be recommended in the following conditions:
● Fallopian tube blockage
● Ovulation Disorders
● Uterine Fibroids
● Previous Tubular sterilization
● Genetic disorders
What are IVF treatment success rates?
On average, the success rates range from 30% - 35%. This percentage decreases with increased age. The percentage depends on several factors, such as the quality of treatment and the doctor’s expertise.
Is IVF painful?
The term pain is subjective. It can be perceived both physically and emotionally by different patients. As far as physical pain is concerned, it is a minimally invasive procedure. The needle of the injection shot stimulants, given in the process are very thin, so the person only feels minimal pain as a stinging sensation. In egg retrieval or embryo implantation, the procedure is done diligently by experts to cause minimal discomfort.
Is infertility a woman's problem?
No, infertility is a complication prevalent in both genders. Since women are child-bearers, the problem in women seems magnified. About one-third of infertility cases are due to female problems, and equally one-third cases are due to male problems, and the remaining one-third due to other factors of infertility in both.
How long the IVF cycle continues?
Typically, one full cycle of IVF takes three weeks. But, since the procedure takes place in multiple steps, sometimes the steps are split into further steps or rounds, requiring more time.
How many days do I need to stay at the hospital for an IVF procedure?
The procedure does not require hospitalization in most cases. It is both outpatient and inpatient treatment. The doctor advises women for hospitalization in fewer complicated cases of egg retrieval or treatment completion for better monitoring and care.
Is it possible to resume day-to-day activities like exercising and traveling?
Yes, with little care, both things can be done. Doing light-weight exercises is preferable, as it increases the chances of conception. But, in case of any complication, you must consult with the doctor. The doctor might ask to avoid certain intense types of exercise. There is no evidence that traveling might disrupt the procedure, but there is no harm in seeking extra precautionary measures in consultation with the doctor.
What if either of us falls sick during the IVF cycle?
If you or your partner falls sick during the treatment, consult with your IVF treatment specialist so that the cycle can be altered /delayed. Both, IVF treatment specialist and your physician or related doctor should be informed so that you can be provided with suitable medications accordingly.
Are there any side effects of IVF treatment?
In the treatment, there could be mild side-effects such as cramping, bloating, or breast tenderness. Some medication-induced side-effect involves hot flashes, headaches, mood swings, and abdominal pain. All of them can be easily treated.
Are there any chances of the baby born with IVF treatment having congenital diseases?
The rate of congenital disabilities in IVF babies is consistent with that of babies born via natural conception, which is 1 - 2%. Using the latest technologies such as PGS and PGD, the risk of genetic conditions acquired by the offspring can be reduced significantly.
Does IVF increase the chances of conceiving twins or triplets?
Chances of having twins or triplets are around 9.1% for women below 35 years, and chances decrease with higher age. However, the chances of having twins through IVF are much higher than that of conventional pregnancies.
How can I choose the best clinic or hospital for IVF treatment?
You must check for the following points while choosing the best hospital or clinic for your IVF treatment in Pune.
● Success rates of the clinic.
● Online presence and transparent information provided by the clinic/hospital.
● It is preferable to choose a clinic in the vicinity so that your work and treatment can be managed without much interruption.
● In consultation, the doctor must explain the process to make you aware of procedures in detail. Typically, if the average age of the couple is less, the doctor recommends alternative methods that are less invasive. IVF is a little costlier and invasive but has the highest success rates among all delivery methods.
● Ask your relatives and friends who had a successful treatment from a clinic for recommendations. But, you should do a brief research on those recommendations.
Is it Possible To Get Pregnant With Low Ovarian Reserve?
The low ovarian reserve, also called a diminished ovarian reserve, is a condition in which the capability of ovaries or their total egg cell count reduces, resulting in infertility. The ovarian reserve refers to the quality and the volume of the eggs. It is caused at the time of menopause or higher age, but it varies from person to person, causing infertility. Though any treatment cannot cure the reduction of the ovarian reserve, it is possible to get pregnant through assisted processes.