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November 30, 2017
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Low sperm count : Causes, symptoms and treatment

Saishree IVF center

Often when couples are trying to start a family and are unable to conceive, they go through a range of emotions. It is disheartening when there are no positive results. When identifying causes, the common notion is that there might be a fertility issue with the woman. Due to lack of awareness about male fertility issues, couples never consider taking the approach of getting a fertility test done for the man.

Low sperm count and infertility in men is more prevalent than most couples think. While there are many tests for diagnosing female infertility, not many know about the advances in medical science that have helped not only in diagnosing male infertility but also curing it. But before we look at the treatments, we need to understand what causes male infertility and identifying its symptoms.

One of the most common male infertility problems is low sperm count where the fluids or semen that is ejaculated during an orgasm has less sperm count as compared to a normal count. Referred as oligospermia, low sperm count is a condition when the count is less than fifteen million sperm per milliliter of semen. Another condition where there is no sperm in the semen sample is called Azoospermia. A low sperm count reduces the chances of one of the sperms to be fertilized with the partner’s egg, which leads to a successful pregnancy.

Apart from infertility, low sperm count does not show any obvious symptoms. But if you experience any of the following symptoms, you might want to consult a doctor:

  • Problems with sexual function — for example, low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosome or hormone abnormality

Causes: Let’s understand the various causes that can lead to low sperm count in men:


A Varicocele is a type of swelling of the veins within the testicles and might result from poor functioning valves that are found in veins. Though it has not been proven, it has been observed that Varicocele is the leading cause of male infertility as it decreases both the production and quality of the sperm.

Ejaculation issues:

Another cause of low sperm count is retrograde ejaculation where the semen during the course of orgasm goes into the bladder rather than surging from the tip of the penis. Certain medical conditions like diabetes, spinal injury, can cause retrograde ejaculation. Though it is not harmful it has been seen as the leading cause of male infertility.

High Temperature:

One of the most common environmental causes of low sperm count is the high temperature. Not only does it damage the sperm production but also affect its function. It has been noticed that recurrent usage of saunas/hot tubs or living/working in a high-temperature environment can diminish the sperm quality and count.
Other causes include lifestyle changes like being in contact with digital devices for a long time or sitting in one place for a long stretch can elevate temperature in your scrotum area and lead to low sperm production.


Being one of the safest and successful procedures, Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has become a common treatment sought by men who suffer from infertility problems. The ICSI procedure is done where a single sperm is injected into each ripe female egg and then combined with in vitro fertilization at an infertility clinic. For male infertility treatment in Pune, couples choose SaiShree Infertility Hospital where we adopt the best of technology to achieve parenthood for our patients.

Infertility Treatment In Pune is now not a distant dream but an achievable reality as SaiShree Infertility Hospital stands tall among other counterparts and being preferred by the patients to maximize the chances of conception.

Saishree IVF
Saishree IVF
Our team of qualified and proficient doctors share their expertise and know-how with the readers. They take every effort to address all the doubts one might have regarding infertility and it's treatment.

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