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Low Sperm Count: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Low Sperm Count Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

Often when couples are trying to start a family and are unable to conceive, they go through a range of medical treatments. When identifying causes, the common notion is to check for female infertility issues. Due to a lack of awareness about male fertility issues, couples delay in considering male fertility tests, which is an equally common cause of failed conceptions.

Infertility due to low sperm count or unhealthy sperms is more prevalent than most couples think. While there are many tests for diagnosing female infertility, not many know about the tests for male fertility and their infertility treatment in Pune. And one of the most common male infertility problems is low sperm count where the semen that is ejaculated has less sperm count than required to increase the chances of fertilizing an egg.

What Is Low Sperm Count?

Referred to as oligospermia, low sperm count is a condition when the count is less than fifteen million sperm per milliliter of semen. However, if the semen contains no or negligible amount of sperms, the condition is called Azoospermia. A low sperm count reduces the chances of one of the sperms being fertilized with the partner’s egg, which leads to an unsuccessful pregnancy.

What Are The Symptoms Of Low Sperm Count?

Apart from failing to make the female partner pregnant, low sperm count does not show any obvious symptoms. But if you experience any of the following symptoms, you might want to consult a doctor:
● Problems with sexual function — for example, low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
● Pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicle area
● Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosome or hormonal abnormality

What Are The Causes Of Low Sperm Count?

Let’s understand the various causes that can lead to low sperm count in men:

A Varicocele is a type of swelling of the veins within the testicles and might result from poor functioning valves that are found in veins. Though it has not been proven, it has been observed that Varicocele is the leading cause of male infertility as it decreases both the production and quality of the sperm.

Retrograde Ejaculation:

Another cause of low sperm count is retrograde ejaculation where the semen during the course of orgasm goes into the bladder rather than surging from the tip of the penis. Certain medical conditions like diabetes, spinal injury, can cause retrograde ejaculation. Though it is not harmful it has been seen as the leading cause of male infertility.

High Temperature:

One of the most common environmental causes of low sperm count is high temperature. Not only does it damage sperm production but also affects its function. It has been noticed that recurrent usage of saunas/hot tubs or living/working in a high-temperature environment can diminish sperm quality and count.
Other causes of low sperm count include:

● Sedentary lifestyle
● Excessive use of digital devices
● Being overweight (Obesity)
● Emotional stress and depression
● Weak or immobile sperms
● Poor sperm morphology
● High levels of anti-sperm antibodies in the semen
● Medical treatments, such as chemotherapy
● Illicit use of alcohol, tobacco, and recreational drugs
● Some genetic disorders and diseases like Celiac disease
● Exposure to specific industrial chemicals
What Are The Available Treatments For Low Sperm Count?

There are different ways to treat low sperm count based on its severeness and what your IVF specialist in Pune finds more suitable for your unique condition.

Lifestyle Changes:

In many cases, improving the male partner’s reproductive health but changing some lifestyle factors has shown improvement in sperm count. These factors include:
Eating a diet rich in foods that boost reproductive health, such as fishes, fruits, walnuts, vegetables, etc. the goal is to increase the intake of Omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and essential vitamins.
Exercises that improve overall blood circulation and help reduce excess weight also help in enhancing sperm count. It also promotes positivity and mental calmness, which majorly helps in improving reproductive health.
Quitting substances and habits that hamper your sperm count, such as smoking, drinking, etc.


Certain medical supplements help increase the levels of helpful antioxidants, testosterone hormones and boost sperm production. Some of these prescription-based medications include:

● D-aspartic acid (D-AA) supplements
● Vitamin C supplements
● Vitamin D supplements
● Coenzyme Q10 supplements
● Limited amount of Zinc supplements
ICSI Treatment:

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is the most effective infertility treatment in Pune that offers a higher level of control and precision in tackling male infertility factors like low sperm count.
In this treatment, the female partner’s egg is retrieved and prepared for fertilization. The sperms are directly extracted from the male testicles through a PESA or TESA/TESE procedure performed by a trained infertility specialist in Pune.

A micromanipulator machine is used to manually position the egg and a single sperm is inserted into it with an ultra-thin microscopic needle. The rest of the fertilization process occurs naturally in a controlled environment, just as in an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) process.
Though it can be recommended to any couple based on their unique infertility problems, ICSI is mostly recommended to tackle the above-mentioned causes and symptoms of male infertility.


Being one of the safest and successful procedures, ICSI has become a common treatment sought by men who suffer from infertility problems. For male infertility treatment in Pune, couples choose SaiShree Infertility Hospital where we adopt the best assisted reproductive technology (ART) tools and devices to achieve successful pregnancies in minimum IVF cycles.
Now getting affordable and effective Infertility Treatment In Pune is not a distant dream, as SaiShree IVF Hospital stands tall and strives to maximize the chances of your parenthood.

Saishree IVF
Saishree IVF
Our team of qualified and proficient doctors share their expertise and know-how with the readers. They take every effort to address all the doubts one might have regarding infertility and it's treatment.

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